|In June of 1995 this
area was officially declared a Marine preserve by the Mexican Government. It is
approximately 11 miles long with at least 8 different fingers of coral reefs. It is the
northernmost living coral reef in the Eastern Pacific and the only living coral reef in
the entire Sea of Cortez. This is the premier scuba area in the Sea of Cortez.
The reef is formed by the rocky formation of the
surrounding bay which provides a shelter and helps maintain the waters at a constant
temperature.Coral requires very specific temperatures to thrive and the waters in this
area provide a perfect environment. The bay is an ideal place for snorkelers and beginner
divers with much of the reef accessible from shore. However, there are also spectacular
sites awaiting the more advanced and experienced divers with most dives between 30-70
Made up of a series of uniform oval boulders surrounding a cove.Huge variety of extensive
underwater coral. Excellent for beginner divers and snorkel's.
Accessible by boat or a short hike along the southern shore of Pulmo Bay, it's a popular
place to picnic, but secluded enough to keep out the big crowds that sometimes settle on
other beaches along Pulmo Bay. Numerous fish are inside the cove forming Mermaids Beach,
but just outside and around the point the waters drop to approximately 30-40 feet along an
irregular rock wall with overhangs and small caves. Surge can be a problem outside the
cove so only divers should venture outside the cove.
(Also known as White Rock Pinnacle and Pulmo Rock) A large rock that pokes out from a
largely sandy bottom at the south end of Pulmo Bay. The base of the rock spreads out in
about 70 feet of water. The rock itself creates some great wall diving with fan coral,
cabrilla, grouper and numerous varieties of reef fish inhabiting the site. At certain
times of the year large schools of sizeable jacks congregate by the hundreds around
the rock and rare golden grouper can often be found at the northern deeper facade of the
rock wall. Conger eels, Morays and several species of Rays are also resident to the rock.
Los Morros Norte
This site surrounded by sand, is a long bar, that harbors schools of huge grouper, some in
excess of 200 lbs. In the spring of the year it is not uncommon to also see large
Amberjacks and schooling Big Eye Jack. The depth of this reef is 55 feet and harbors many
large green Moray Eels.
El Bajo de los
Morros This reef is approximately 1/4 mile long and only 20 to 30 yards wide. The
colors, coral and vegetation reminds us of Disneyland. This reef draws an extreme amount
of tropical fish as well as resting turtles. Other divers have commented that "the
visibility would have been better but they couldn't see through all the fish!".
Surrounded by sand and thousands of Garden Eels, it is not unusual to see large Pargo and
Grouper. This site has also attracted Whale Sharks, Porpoise, and Manta Rays.
El Bajo Reef:
A good size reef made up primarily of boulders with beautiful overhangs. Corals, tropicals
and invertebrate life are all abundant on this reef.Maximum depth is 60 ft. and visibility
is usually excellent if not better. When the current is right, this is truly an excellent
drift dive when divers can literally fly along the ridges and stop to examine the varied
sea life which inhabits the numerous natural amphitheaters created by the reef.El Bajo
boasts a large variety of abundant sealife: Tuna, Moray Eel, Octopus, Orca, Shark and
Dolphin frequent this area. Vast schools of hammerhead sharks congregate at El Bajo at all
times of year. Grouper, Cabrilla, Seargeant Majors, Anglefish, Pufferfish and Grunts
congregate in large numbers along the reef as well as Lobster, Eels and Rays.
El Bajito is, as its name suggests, a smaller sea
mount just off the southwestern side of Los Islotes. It too has a current running over it
but its top comes to within 5m of the surface. This is an extremely diverse site and one
of the more popular dive spots for La Paz divers. The reef itself is marked by long narrow
alleys or rock and coral that are large enough to swim through
(Sometimes called the inner "Broccoli Forest Reef") a series of flat shelf rocks
beginning approximately 100 yards directly east of Antares beach at the south end of
Frailes Bay. Some extremely large head coral (hence the name "Broccoli") cover
the rock formations providing abundant protections for many colorful reef fish. Excellent
snorkeling and beginning diving in 10-20 feet of water.
(The middle Broccoli Forest Reef) separated form the inner reef by large fingers of sand.
The rocks and coral heads are larger. Noted for several natural amphitheaters where
grouper, bass and other species gather for excellent viewing. Whale sharks have been seen
here during plankton blooms. The area is also populated by large groups of conch and
(The outer Broccoli Forest Reef) in much deeper water to 50 feet with rock overhangs but
smaller coral groupings. Located approximately 1/4 to 1/2 mile directly east of of Antares
point. Large groups of schooling reef fish can be found at all times of the year.
Cabo Pulmo Wrecks
There are two wrecks to explore in Cabo Pulmo. One is the wreck of the freighter, Colima
which ran aground and sank in 30-40 feet of water during a fierce 1939 storm strewing all
manner of debris on the ocean floor. The other wreck is a large tuna boat which went down
in 1978. The 90 foot wreck is in about 50 feet of water. Although the hull is long gone,
much of the superstructure, cargo holds, rigging and netting have been left on the sand
floor. During the latter parts of the year, the wreck can be host to literally thousands
of fish of numerous species making for excellent photography.
There is a wreck of a truck ferry in the San
Lorenzo Channel between Espiritu Santo and the peninsula. Its plates have been well
crushed and little of the vessel is recognisable now, but the still-inflated truck tyres
are easily spotted and it makes a very effective artificial reef. This is also a great
place to see moray eels and to take underwater photos.
El Cantil This is
another very popular reef for a number of reasons. It's maximum depth is 55 ft. with many
small caverns that harbor very large Grouper and Dog Toothed Snapper. There are many
ledges and crevices to yield protection to Octopus, resting turtles, playful Puffer fish
and a wide variety of Star fish. Since Cabo Pulmo has become a protected area, a large
school of Bat Rays have taken residence there and it is not uncommon to see Manta Rays as
The Deep Reef Like
most of the reefs in Cabo Pulmo, this long bar of ledge-like reef is surrounded by a sandy
bottom. Located in approximately 90 feet , the many cracks and crevices provide ample
hiding places for many large grouper that fall into the 200 pound plus category. This site
is never a disappointment as there is always something different there to peak your